Profesor del Departamento de Sociología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Chile


PhD Sociology, Humboldt University - Berlin

Deputy director Centre for Social Conflict and Cohesion Studies





… and proud moderator of



Latest papers & projects

En una región en vías de desarrollo y altamente desigual como América Latina, resulta trascendental la comprensión de los determinantes que afectan el acuerdo de las personas con la redistribución de recursos desde el estado. Una serie de teorías centradas en el autointerés han establecido continuamente un vínculo negativo entre el ingreso que tienen las personas y su apoyo hacia la disminución de desigualdades vía redistribución. A pesar de ello, la evidencia es escasa y a veces contradictoria, mientras que su estudio en Latinoamérica resulta casi inexistente. Utilizando datos de la Encuesta LAPOP entre los años 2008 y 2014 esta investigación busca dar cuenta de la relación entre autointerés, desigualdad y redistribución en contextos altamente desiguales. Para ello, por primera vez se considera una dimensión longitudinal abarcando desde 2008 a 2014, considerando el efecto del cambio en los niveles de desigualdad mediante el uso de modelos híbridos de regresión multinivel. Contrastando con la evidencia de estudios realizados en otras regiones, existe poca evidencia en América Latina para la hipótesis del autointerés, donde diferencias de status no lograrían constituirse como un determinante esencial sobre las preferencias redistributivas. A la luz de los resultados, se establecen comparaciones con los hallazgos de investigaciones previas en países desarrollados, discutiéndose la aplicación de teorías racionalistas en materia de justicia y solidaridad social dentro de la región.

Breznau, N., Rinke, E., Wuttke, A., Adem, M., Adriaans, J., Alvarez-Benjumea, A., … Castillo, JC. … Żółtak, T. (2019, January 26).

In an era of mass migration, social scientists, populist parties and social movements raise concerns over the future of immigration-destination societies. What impacts does this have on policy and social solidarity? Comparative cross-national research, relying mostly on secondary data, has findings in different directions. There is a threat of selective model reporting and lack of replicability. The heterogeneity of countries obscures attempts to clearly define data-generating models. P-hacking and HARKing lurk among standard research practices in this area. This project employs crowdsourcing to address these issues. It draws on replication, deliberation, meta-analysis and harnessing the power of many minds at once. The Crowdsourced Replication Initiative carries two main goals, (a) to better investigate the linkage between immigration and social policy preferences across countries, and (b) to develop crowdsourcing as a social science method. The Executive Report provides short reviews of the area of social policy preferences and immigration, and the methods and impetus behind crowdsourcing plus a description of the entire project. Three main areas of findings will appear in three papers, that are registered as PAPs or in process.

(a completar)

Esta presentación desarrolla un marco conceptual y operacional para el estudio de la meritocracia y preferencias redistributivas, y luego analiza estas relaciones con datos de la encuesta comparativa internacional ISSP así como también de un estudio realizado en Colombia

The notion of open science is quickly expanding in terms of access, reproducibility and replication initiatives worldwide. Nevertheless, so far the implications of openness are less discussed regarding a basic academic process: writing. In this presentation I introduce the advantages of academic writing in plain text editors in terms of replication and version control, as suggested by Healey (2018) in “The plain person’s guide to plain text social science”. Nevertheless, departing from Healey’s suggestion of a writing workflow based on the editor Emacs, I propose an alternative workflow using the text editor Atom (also free and open source). Some of the Atom’s advantages to be presented are citing directly from Zotero/Bibtex, integration of , Markdown and R languages, and easy formatting from plain text to pdf, html and/or word via Pandoc.

Castillo, JC. & Torres, A. , Atria, J & Maldonado, L. (2018) Forthcoming in Revista Internacional de Sociología (ISI).

The idea of meritocracy is related to the distribution of goods and rewards based on individual talent and effort, being a principle that legitimizes the unequal distribution of resources in modern societies. Despite the constant references to meritocracy in inequality and stratification research, there are still few conceptual and empirical attempts to understand to what extent individuals perceive and prefer meritocracy, as well as their consequences. The present research proposes a conceptual and empirical framework for studying meritocratic perceptions and preferences, which is then related with economic inequality variables. Using data from the Chilean survey “Social justice and citizenship participation”, the analyses suggest that meritocratic perceptions and preferences are different constructs and that those perceiving an adequate functioning of meritocracy also perceive less economic inequality.

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