Profesor del Departamento de Sociología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Chile

PhD Sociology, Humboldt University - Berlin

Deputy director Centre for Social Conflict and Cohesion Studies

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Esta presentación desarrolla un marco conceptual y operacional para el estudio de la meritocracia y preferencias redistributivas, y luego analiza estas relaciones con datos de la encuesta comparativa internacional ISSP así como también de un estudio realizado en Colombia

The notion of open science is quickly expanding in terms of access, reproducibility and replication initiatives worldwide. Nevertheless, so far the implications of openness are less discussed regarding a basic academic process: writing. In this presentation I introduce the advantages of academic writing in plain text editors in terms of replication and version control, as suggested by Healey (2018) in “The plain person’s guide to plain text social science”. Nevertheless, departing from Healey’s suggestion of a writing workflow based on the editor Emacs, I propose an alternative workflow using the text editor Atom (also free and open source). Some of the Atom’s advantages to be presented are citing directly from Zotero/Bibtex, integration of , Markdown and R languages, and easy formatting from plain text to pdf, html and/or word via Pandoc.

Castillo, JC. & Torres, A. , Atria, J & Maldonado, L. (2018) Forthcoming in Revista Internacional de Sociología (ISI).

The idea of meritocracy is related to the distribution of goods and rewards based on individual talent and effort, being a principle that legitimizes the unequal distribution of resources in modern societies. Despite the constant references to meritocracy in inequality and stratification research, there are still few conceptual and empirical attempts to understand to what extent individuals perceive and prefer meritocracy, as well as their consequences. The present research proposes a conceptual and empirical framework for studying meritocratic perceptions and preferences, which is then related with economic inequality variables. Using data from the Chilean survey “Social justice and citizenship participation”, the analyses suggest that meritocratic perceptions and preferences are different constructs and that those perceiving an adequate functioning of meritocracy also perceive less economic inequality.

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